Produced in cooperation with the Illinois Basin Consortium, the U. Geological Survey, "Coal and the Environment" discusses the mining, processing, transportation, use, and environmental aspects associated with this important resource. Safe and clean water is central to American life. We expect safe water from every faucet any time we want, and most economic activity relies on readily available and clean water.
The American Geological Institute's AGI publication, Water and the Environment examines how science addresses many of the issues central to providing clean and safe water for society. The recent run-up in oil prices combined with continued global instability in major oil-producing areas has highlighted America's dependency on oil.
The American Geological Institute AGI has produced a guide, Petroleum and the Environment, that helps the public, educators and policy makers understand petroleum from its formation to its consumption, including the many environmental issues that develop along the way. Wednesday, January 9, - EST. Thursday, July 20, - EDT. This session invites contributions on climate education and outreach across all age levels primary, high school and adult , settings formal and informal and approaches e.
Contributions related to upper primary and middle school levels and those concerning adaptation of technical scientific materials for teaching, are particularly encouraged.
The session is an opportunity for educators, resource developers, pedagogical experts and scientists to network and share ideas and research on climate education. Increasing the understanding and usability of climate information for societal use has become a major challenge where economic growth, and social development crucially depends on adaptation to climate variability and change.
To this regard, climate services do not only create user-relevant climate information, but also stimulate the need to quantify vulnerabilities and come up with appropriate adaptation solutions that can be applied in practice. The operational generation, management and delivery of climate services poses a number of new challenges to the traditional way of accessing and distributing climate data.
With a growing private sector playing the role of service provider is important to understand what are the roles and the responsibilities of the publicly funded provision of climate data and information and services. This session aims to gather best practices and lessons learnt, for how climate services can successfully facilitate adaptation to climate variability and change by providing climate information that is tailored to the real user need.
Cities all over the world are facing rising population densities. This leads to increasing fractions of built-up and sealed areas, consequencing in a more and more altered and partly disrupted water balance - both in terms of water quantities and qualities. On top, climate change is altering precipitation regimes. This session focuses on according urban ecohydrological problems and approaches to solve them spanning from technical to nature-based solutions in different time and spatial scales from the building to the whole city.
Hydrology relies strongly on heterogeneous data sets and a multitude of computational models. However, several challenges remain in order to obtain all information from the data and model results and, at the same time, carry out scientific work that is reproducible and repeatable. Data collection is generally the first step in the scientific process, but collecting spatially and temporally dense data sets can be challenging, especially in extreme environments, such as dry, humid or cold areas.
Therefore, environmental data sets are often sparse and do not allow us to fully understand the hydrological and associated environmental processes dominant in these areas. Therefore, innovative ideas are needed to build methods able to extract information from the available data and make use of the many signatures in the observations that are still to be explored. On the other hand, an increasing amount of heterogenous data becomes available from diverse sources such as remote sensing, social media or citizen science.
Platforms and tools are needed to interpret such data, identify and understand patterns, trends, and uncertainty and to draw conclusions and implications from data-driven research. New methods for data visualization can be a pivotal for our ability to make new sense of heterogeneous data and to communicate complex datasets and findings in an appropriate way to other researchers and the public. Eventually, the full scientific process should be open, reproducible and repeatable. Many data sets contain a wide range of derived variables that cannot be easily re-computed from the raw data, either because the raw data is not available or because the computational steps are not adequately described.
As a result, very few published results in hydrology are reproducible for the general reader. However, more and more software tools and platforms are becoming available to support open science, partly as a result of collaborations between software experts and hydrologists. This session invites contributions on topics ranging from data collection and visualization to sharing model code and reproducible workflows, e.
Liaising with stakeholders and policy-makers is becoming increasingly important for scientists to turn research into impactful action. In hydrological sciences, this is needed when implementing innovative solutions in areas such as river basin management, water allocation, impact-based hydrological forecasting, flood protection, drought risk management, climate change mitigation, ecohydrology and sustainable environmental solutions, among others.
The science-policy interface is not just as a way to increase the impact of our science, but it is also a scientific subject in itself. It presents several challenges to both scientists and policy-makers. They include understanding the different steps in the policy cycle: from setting the agenda to formulating, adopting, implementing, monitoring and evaluating polices.
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It is also crucial to know which facts and evidences are most needed at each step, so scientists can provide the best information at the right time and in the best way. Equally, appropriate science communication, where information is neither too complex nor infantilized, is key to open pathways to a more active and meaningful engagement. The session will provide the opportunity for discussing with policy makers and addressing the necessary skills to facilitate the uptake of science in policy formulation and implementation: for instance, how science influences policy and policies impact science?
How scientists can provide easily digestible pieces of evidence to policy-makers?
What are the key gaps in joining science to feasible policy solutions in the water sector? How can we use knowledge to improve policy, and vice-versa? We invite contributions that reflect on the needs of scientists and policy makers at different levels, from local, regional to EU and international levels. Hydrologists have long contributed to produce policy briefs and provide government advice on water-related issues. This session focuses on sharing these experiences successes or failures , case studies, narratives and best practices at different phases of the policy-making process.
It is also a platform for sharing tips and strategies to communicate scientific results and turn science into action. Invited talk: - "Flood management in a changing world: interactions between science and policy making", by Prof. The proper management of water resources is a key aspect of soil conservation in arid and semiarid environments, where any irrigation activity is structurally and deeply related to the understanding of soil hydrological behavior. In these areas, irrigation should be regarded to as an axle for oases and an effective defense against desertification.
Its importance goes beyond the technological aspects, often being traditional irrigation a cultural heritage, which requires to be faced with an at least interdisciplinary approach which involves also humanities. On the other hand, improper practices may dramatically contribute to soil degradation.
As an example irrigation may lead to soil salinization, with dramatic fallout on agricultural productivity, and overgrazing may lead soil to compaction, with negative effects on the soil capability of water buffering. This session welcomes contributions ranging from the understanding of the soil hydrological behavior and of the mass fluxes, through the soil, in arid and water—scarce environments and also under stress conditions e.
Particular attention will be given to the maintenance and improvement of traditional irrigation techniques as well as to precision irrigation techniques, also with local community involvement. Interdisciplinary contributions, which deal with different aspects and functions of the link between soil hydrology and irrigation techniques in arid environments, are encouraged.
Satellite data provides information on the marine environment that can be used for many applications — from water quality and early warning systems, to climate change studies and marine spatial planning. The most modern generation of satellites offer improvements in spatial and temporal resolution as well as a constantly evolving suite of products.
Data from the European Union Copernicus programme is open and free for everyone to use however they wish - whether from academic, governance, or commercial backgrounds. The programme has an operational focus, with satellite constellations offering continuity of service for the foreseeable future.
There is also a growing availability of open source tools that can be used to work with this data. No experience is necessary as various exercises will be provided for a wide range of skill levels and applications, however participants should bring their own laptops and be prepared to install open source software in advance.
State-of-the-art environmental research infrastructures become increasingly complex and costly, often requiring integration of different equipment, services, and data, as well as extensive international collaboration. Clear and measurable impact of the research Infrastructures is therefore needed in order to justify such investments from member states and the EU - whether it is an impact in terms of knowledge, developments in the environmental field of science, new innovative approaches, capacity-building or other socio-economic impacts.
Moreover, improving the impact supports the long-term sustainability of the research infrastructures. This session aims at discussing how to best monitor, interpret, and assess the efficiency and impact of environmental and Earth system research infrastructures. Even more importantly, the session seeks a breadth of contributions, with focus on ways to increase and improve the impact of research infrastructures, not only through the scientific outcomes they produce, but also, for example, through increasing the number of touchpoints with other actors in the society, or awareness of the services they offer- whether this is enhanced by lobbying, direct cooperation with industrial partners, or any other action.
Talks on how to enhance the impact through the strategic communications activities are especially welcome. Plastic contamination has been reported in all realms of the environment from the tropics to the polar oceans. The consequences of this contamination may be severe for ecosystems and could adversely affect ecosystem services such as fisheries and even human health.
Our poor knowledge of plastics sources, their composition, sizes, pathways, hot spots of accumulation and ultimate fate prevents an assessment of environmental risks and the development of appropriate mitigation strategies. In order to understand current distributions of plastics and the way they evolve in space and time, much better observations and common consistent measuring methods are required but simultaneously, observations must be combined with computational models from their sources on land to rivers, estuaries, oceans and sea ice.
This requires improved standardized accurate observations and the development of advanced modelling capabilities to quantify and predict contamination levels.
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The session aims to set up a forum for multi-disciplinary discussions to create a global picture of plastic contamination in the environment and to suggest approaches for future research, monitoring and mitigation of plastic pollutions impacts. The session will provide a framework to advise legislators and industry on the best ways to reduce the risks of serious damage from this contaminant.
This session will draw together data on plastic contamination across all sizes of plastics, from nano- and micro-plastics to large plastic fragments, and across all environments and locations. It will combine observations with state-of-the-art computational modelling to promote the fast advance of research and improve our understanding of how plastic pollution affects environments worldwide. We invite contributions on new methods and field observations, laboratory experiments, novel modelling approaches, related scientific initiatives and projects.
New ideas for citizen-science involvement and for mitigation strategies to reduce plastic contamination of the environment are especially welcome. Invited speaker: Prof. Erik van Sebille. Natural stones are the main material used in architectonic heritage. Our session deals with those natural stone types that have achieved important use and significant recognition in human culture.
Their recognition will promote public and policy-maker interest in stone built heritage, encourage the use of local natural stone and ensure the availability of the natural stone required for the maintenance of the built heritage and the quality of new buildings. It encourages contributions for the proposed thematic issue: natural stones and heritage and its potential application and information on possible stones from all over the world. We will as well accept contributions on issues related to the importance of using original natural stones in the restoration and conservation of historical buildings, and other issues associated with Geoheritage such as historical quarries and quarry landscape.
This session will also emphasize the importance of Heritage Stones in the preservation of World Heritage sites. Selected contributions to this EGU will be considered for publication in another Special Issue for a well rated journal. It is becoming increasingly evident that both the scientific and the artist communities have a shared interest and responsibility in raising awareness of the limits to our planetary boundaries and the fragile stability and resilience of our Earth-System. In the past, this issue has been addressed mostly through traditional educational methods.
However, there is mounting evidence that science-art collaborations can play a pivotal and vital role in this context by co-creating new ways of research and by stimulating the discussion by providing emotional and human context through the arts.
This session, already in its fifth edition, has presented since interesting and progressive science-art collaborations across a number of disciplines, focused on presenting Earth sciences content. We have witnessed that climate change, natural hazards, meteorology, palaeontology, earthquakes, volcanoes and geology have been successfully presented through music, visual art, photography, theatre, literature, digital art, where the artists explored new practices and methods in their work with scientists but also where scientists have been inspired by artists in their research, and finally truly trans-disciplinary co-creation of Sci-Art work have emerged.
Disciplinary Sessions. Programme groups: PGs:. Conveners: Alberto Montanari , Jonathan Bamber. Wed, 10 Apr, — Mon, 08 Apr, — , — Science in tomorrow's classroom poster only session. Posters Attendance Tue, 09 Apr, — Teaching Structural Geology and Tectonics in the 21st Century. Co-organized as TS1. Orals Fri, 12 Apr, — Posters Attendance Fri, 12 Apr, — Games for Geoscience.
Orals Wed, 10 Apr, — Posters Attendance Wed, 10 Apr, — Effective research management — What does that mean?
Posters Attendance Mon, 08 Apr, — Citizen Science and Open Science: bridging the science-society-gap by finding emerging environmental issues and empowering citizens. Co-organized as SSS1. Peak Geoscience?
Uncertainty, unknowns and the future of geoscience. Co-organized as GD1. Orals Mon, 08 Apr, — Orals Thu, 11 Apr, — , — Outreach in Geoscience: what does it mean to you. Posters Attendance Thu, 11 Apr, — Communicating geoscience in the face of modern geocontroversy. Geo-hazard and risk assessment and mitigation in economically developing countries: Challenges and opportunities for innovation.
Co-organized as NH9. Geoethics: ethical, social and cultural implications of geoscience knowledge, education, communication, research and practice. Diversity and Equality in the Geosciences. Inter- and transdiciplinary research, education and practice in mountain regions: field experiences, challenges and opportunities.